The most important part of the samovar, often featuring a beautiful and distinct shape, is called the body or urn. Water is poured into the urn so it can be boiled. Equally important part of the samovar is the jug or chimney, which is a special compartment for the fuel, located at the center of the urn.

The wood is placed on the fire grate in the bottom part of the urn. The body or urn rests on the base of the samovar, where supporting legs are attached. The transition from the urn to the base is called the neck, which is typically more narrow than the urn, and has special openings or slots in it’s upper part. Slots are necessary for the air to pass and maintain the combustion process. Samovar’s ash-pit is located between the neck and the base. Residue from burning wood, such as ash and coals, are accumulated in the ash-pit, so they can be easily removed after use.

Handles are located on the sides of the urn. They are usually curved metal plates with wooden rollers. Wooden rollers or cone grips, placed on special rods – knob bolts, are used to facilitate the transfer of the samovar from one place to another and to protect your hands from getting burnt.

The faucet is located on the front of the urn and consists of a key and a valve handle – a curved plate connected to the key. Boiling water is poured into cups through the faucet spout. The faucet is attached to the body by an escutcheon plate – a special thick plate around the faucet that ensures that the faucet is securely attached.


A circular plate, which serves as a support for the lid, is called the ring and is placed on the top part of samovar’s body. The lid is used to close samovar’s urn so the water doesn’t boil away. There is a hole in the center of the lid, equal in diameter to the chimney, so the lid can be  easily threaded onto the chimney. Small round openings with hinged lids can often be found on top of the lid. These openings are called steam vents and are used to release steam when samovar begins to boil.

The crown is placed on top of the lid. It is a stand for a teapot, which is often placed on top of a samovar for heating, drying, and to facilitate infusion of tea. The crown also masks the portion of the chimney that rises above the lid.

At the very top of the samovar there is a small cap . The cap closes the upper hole of the chimney and stops the combustion process in the samovar by preventing the constant flow of air through the chimney. To operate the samovar, the cap must be removed.

Small handles in the shape of round wooden knobs are located on the cap and the lid of the samovar. Knobs are fastened with the help of small hollow cylinders worn on screws – knob bolts. Wooden knobs protect your hands from contact with hot metal, since it is precisely these parts of the samovar – the lid, the cap, and the side handles – that the user touches when using a samovar. Knob bolts are fastened with special conical nut screws – raspberries .

This design is required for any kind of samovar.

The dimensions, volume, shape of the urn and other details can change, but all of the above are necessary for the operation of the samovar.

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